Ziziphus jujuba Fruit

Ziziphus jujuba Fruit

Proposed For Development Version 0.1

Ziziphus jujuba Fruit


 

DEFINITION

The article consists of the dried ripe fruits of Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (Family Rhamnaceae) collected in autumn. It meets the Acceptance criteria under the Assay.

 

SYNONYMS

Paliurus mairei H. Lév.

Rhamnus jujube L.

Rhamnus soporifera Lour.

Rhamnus ziziphus L.

Ziziphus mairei (H. Lév.) Browicz & Lauener

Ziziphus nitida Roxb.

Ziziohus orthacantha DC.

Ziziphus rotundata DC.

Ziziohus sativa Gaertn.

Ziziohus soporifera (Lour.) Stokes

Ziziohus tomentosa Poir.

Ziziphus vulgaris Lam.

Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) Meikle.

 

POTENTIAL CONFOUNDING MATERIALS

Zizyphus mauritiana Lam.

 

SELECTED COMMON NAMES

Arabic: سدر جبلي

Bulgarian: Хинап  hinap

Chinese: 枣, 红枣, 枣树

English: Chinese jujube, Chinese-date, common jujube, jujube date

Estonian: Kreektürn

French: Jujubier commun, jujube de Chine, jujubier de Chine

German: Brustbeere, brustbeerbaum, Chinesische Dattel, domjujube, jujube, judendom

Greek: Ζιζιφιά  Zizifia., zίζυφον  zizyfon

Hebrew: שיזף

Hindi: बदर badara, badari

Italian: Giuggiole, giuggiolo

Japanese: ナツメ

Korean: 대추

Persian: سدر  

Pinyin: Zao, da zao, dazao

Russian: Зизифус  (zizifus), Зизифус ююба (zizifus zhozhoba), Зизифус обыкновенный (zizifus obyknovennyj), Китайский финик (kitaiskii finik), Ююба китайская (jujuba kitaiskaia), Жожоба (zhozhoba), Жужуба (zhuzhuba)

Spanish: Azofaifa, azofaifo, azofeifo, azufaifa, azufaifas, achifaifa , azufaifo, azufaifo común, azufaifo chino, azufeifo, gínjol, ginjolero, jijolero, jinjol, jínjol, jínjolera, jinjolero, jinjoles, jujuba, zofaifo

Thai: พุทรา (phutsaa)

Vietnamese: Táo tàu

 

CONSTITUENTS OF INTEREST

Triterpenes

 

IDENTIFICATION

• A. Botanic Characteristics

Macroscopic: Ellipsoidal or spheroidal, 2–3.5 cm long, 1.5–2.5 cm in diameter; dark red, somewhat lustrous, irregularly wrinkled; base dented, with a short fruit stalk; epicarp thin; mesocarp brownish-yellow or pale brown, fleshy, soft, sugary, and oily; kernel fusiform, acute at both ends, texture hard.

Microscopic: The epidermal cells of pericarp are sub-square, filled with brownish-red contents, covered with thick cuticle; cells under epidermis are yellow or yellowish-brown, sub-polygonal with thick walls; prisms of calcium oxalate are small and exist in parenchymatous cells of mesocarp. The stone cells of kern are pale yellowish-brown, sub-polygonal, striation well-defined, pit-canal minute, containing yellowish-brown contents.   

•B. Thin-Layer Chromatography

CALL FOR SUBMISSION OF VALIDATED INFORMATION

 

Additional information including validation data will be required to complete the development of the Identification. For requirements, please see under "Identification" and related sections of the  guidelines document “Monographs in the Herbal Medicines Compendium” at http://hmc.usp.org/about/general-noticesresources

Interested parties are encouraged to submit their proposals to complete the monograph.

 

ASSAY

• Content of Triterpenes

CALL FOR SUBMISSION OF VALIDATED INFORMATION

 

Additional information including validation data will be required to complete the development of the Assay. For requirements, please see under "Composition" and related sections of the guidelines document “Monographs in the Herbal Medicines Compendium” at http://hmc.usp.org/about/general-noticesresources

 

Interested parties are encouraged to submit their proposals to complete the monograph.

 

CONTAMINANTS

Articles of Botanical Origin, General Method for Pesticide Residues Analysis <561>: Meets the requirements

Microbial Enumeration Tests <61>: The total aerobic bacterial count does not exceed 105 cfu/g, the total combined molds and yeasts count does not exceed 103 cfu/g, and the bile-tolerant Gram-negative bacteria does not exceed 103 cfu/g.

Tests for Specified Microorganisms <62>: Meets the requirements of the tests for the absence of Salmonella species and Escherichia coli

 

SPECIFIC TESTS

Articles of Botanical Origin, Foreign Organic Matter <561>: NMT 2.0%

Loss on Drying <731>

Analysis: Dry 1.0 g of Ziziphus jujuba Fruit, finely powdered, at 105° for 4 h.

Acceptance criteria: NMT 20%

Articles of Botanical Origin, Total Ash <561>

Analysis: 6.0 g of Ziziphus jujuba Fruit, finely powdered

Acceptance criteria: NMT 2.0%

 

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS

Packaging and Storage: Preserve in well-closed containers, protected from light and moisture, and store at room temperature.

Labeling: The label states the Latin binomial and, following the official name, the part of the plant contained in the article.

USP Reference Standards <11>

USP Ziziphus jujuba Fruit Powder RS (To Come)

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Other Versions

Proposed For Comment Version 0.2